Many advertisements and advertisements appeal to pills, teas or other methods to lose belly fat, almost as a miracle solution. But until science proves otherwise healthy eating is key.
As the human body ages, burning fat becomes a much slower process, even with a life of exercise and healthy eating.
The human body stores fatpart of it right under the skin — fat subcutaneous — and another part around the organs — visceral fat or belly fat.
According to Science Focus, in this way, in the belly area there is subcutaneous fat – the so-called “tire”. This fat is also present under the stomach muscles (visceral fat) which accumulates around various organs.
This fat is not noticeable until there is enough accumulation to push the belly out, however it can be much more harmful to health of human than subcutaneous fat.
In older bodiesvisceral fat clings on especially well, although sex also plays an important role.
“Even in thin, healthy men and women, men have twice as much of visceral fat than women”, says the Dr. Michael Jensenan expert on adipose tissue (body fat) at the University of Rochester, Minnesota.
“As we move up the obesity scale, men are definitely the kings of visceral fat.”
Decades of scientific research suggest that excess visceral fat may be linked to health problems like insulin resistance and diabetes. Insulin resistance is a pre-diabetic state where the body responds less well to the hormone insulin, which helps us maintain normal blood sugar levels.
Jensen says you’re unlikely to have too much visceral fat unless something has already gone wrong with your other fat stores.
Researchers are also now starting to look at differences in gene activity in adipose tissues which may explain why some people develop more belly fat than others.
Dr. Jordana Bell and Colette Christiansen from King’s College London, published a study in July this year in Genome Medicine, where they used data from twins on epigenetic changes in our DNA — chemical changes in DNA that result from lifestyles that don’t affect the program itself.
In other words, what you eat could raise the indicator in those genes particularly associated with piling on the pounds around the waist.
What makes belly fat so hard to go away?
“Some people think that visceral fat cells are warmer—they live longer than subcutaneous fat cells,” says Jensen.
Research conducted at the University of Sydney, published in 2021 in Cell Reports, suggests that there may be a unique “preservation signal” for visceral fat cells that is triggered by repeated fasting attempts, meaning that on some diets, trying to lose weight weight only encourages the belly to hold on to its fat.
There are also studies that suggest that immune cells in adipose tissue may be partly responsible for belly fat and some of the health problems associated with it.
So the as you get olderthese immune cells age tooand cannot specifically accumulate in visceral fat, sending signals that trigger inflammation and generally misbehave, interfering with our metabolism.
It is not easy, or rather, it is practically impossible to carry out a diet and exercise just for the belly. According to Jensen, the best bet is an overall fat loss plan—anything that creates a “negative energy balance.”
In short, there’s no magic solution to getting rid of belly fat, regardless of what some teas or miracle medicine advertisements go through.
So, until science reveals more about what causes it, all you can do is diet and exercise.
Inês Costa Macedo, ZAP //