How to identify that a child is having an asthma attack | Health | nnda | nnni | ANSWERS

Asthma, also called bronchial asthma, is a chronic condition of the bronchial tubes that requires ongoing medical care and, if left unchecked, can trigger a life-threatening emergency. This is where it is vital to identify the main symptoms or warning signs to know that a child is experiencing a crisis and how to avoid it.

There are some factors that mean a greater risk for a child to suffer from an asthma attack, such as: exposure to aeroallergens (pollen, mites), environmental pollution (smoke from the automobile fleet, factories, cigarettes), penetrating odors (aromatizers, disinfectants, ointments or creams) and respiratory infections, according to Dr. Carlos José Mendoza Fox, Pediatric Pulmonologist at the Anglo-American Clinic.

In an asthma attack, three things can happen:

  • Bronchospasms: The muscles of the airways contract making them narrower and therefore making it difficult for air to pass.
  • Inflammation: The lining of the airways swells and blocks the airways.
  • Increased production of secretions: During an asthma attack there is an increase in the activity of the glands of the airway. This leads to the accumulation of a greater amount of secretion than usual in the bronchi.

People with this disease often have obvious symptoms that resemble many respiratory infections. However, there are symptoms that should make caregivers alert:

  • Difficulty breathing and/or faster than usual breathing.
  • chest pain
  • Whistling chest.
  • Demanding cough.
  • Difficulty speaking.
  • In more severe cases, we can see a bluish color on the lips or nails.

Parents should be vigilant at home because children may not have all these symptoms, but they may have a combination of some signs at different times and intensity. That is why it is important that they know how to act quickly and effectively.

First of all, the most important thing is prevention; avoid the previously mentioned asthma attack triggers.

Second, comply with the maintenance or preventive medication indicated by the treating physician. If they suspect that an asthma attack has been triggered, they should follow the action plan written and indicated by their pediatrician or pediatric pulmonologist, for which they should always have the corresponding medication on hand. If the child does not show improvement, they should be taken to the emergency room so that they can be treated by specialized personnel, such as the one that is part of the Anglo American Clinic Emergency Service.

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The Article Is In Spanish🡽

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